Lower Leg Injury
Lower Leg Pain & Injury Treatment
Lower leg injuries mainly involve bone fractures due to a trauma or muscular problems due to sport injuries.
Common Lower Leg Injuries:
The calf consists of two muscles, the gastrocnemius and the soleus. Most injuries happen during sport activities that involve sprinting, jumping or landing and stopping. In most cases overuse and excessive loading is the cause of the injury. Injury to a muscle (muscle belly or tendon) is called a strain. The severity and symptoms of a muscle strain depends on the degree of stretching or tearing of the muscle.
- Grade I strain: This is a mild strain and only some muscle fibres have been damaged. Healing occurs within 2-3 weeks.
- Grade II strain: This is a moderate strain with more extensive damage to muscle fibres, but the muscle is not completely ruptured. Healing occurs within 3-6 weeks.
- Grade III strain: This is a severe injury with a complete rupture of muscle fibres. The healing period can be up to three months and may in severe cases require surgery.
Shin splint is a common complaint, especially among runners, that describes shin pain, triggered by tightness and inflammation of a muscle (tibialis anterior). The most common causes are overuse, poor biomechanics of the foot as well as wrong running technique. Since the shin muscle is involved in every step you do, healing process sometimes might take a long time, because the injured muscle gets constantly overused. That’s why rest and adjusted sport activities play a crucial role next to physiotherapy. If poor biomechanics of the foot is the cause of the problem our Podiatrist will have a thorough assessment and might recommend orthotics. If poor running technique is the the problem, the physiotherapist will perform a biomechanical running analysis to optimize the patient’s running technique. The physiotherapy treatment will first aim to reduce inflammation of the muscle. Once pain and inflammation have subsided exercise therapy will restore normal muscular function to prevent this problem from reoccurrence.