Scoliosis refers to a condition in which the spine curves sideways, when viewed from the front or from the back. It can occur as a single (“C” shaped) curve, a double (“S” shaped) curve or even a triple curve.
Categories of scoliosis
- Congenital Scoliosis: spinal curvature that occurs since birth
- Neuromuscular Scoliosis: spinal curvature that develops because of neuromuscular conditions such as spinal bifida, cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy or spinal cord injuries
- Idiopathic Scoliosis: spinal curvature that occurs with unknown reasons. When this happens during or before a child’s puberty, it is called Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. Idiopathic scoliosis accounts for about 80% of all scoliosis cases.
Scoliosis can affect children and adults. In children it can be a more serious condition because it can rapidly progress as the child grows.